Buying a home may be the biggest investment you make in your life. So before you close, you need to be sure that that nobody else has a claim to the property.
Determining that your rights and interests to the property are clear is the business of a title company.
You pay the title company a single premium which includes the cost of verifying clear title and covers you in case some fault is later discovered in the title.
The title company performs an extensive search on the title history of the property. The title company can almost always identify any title problems that may arise and have these problems cleared-up prior to closing.
Because Real Estate Law is so complex, you need an expert to make sure that all previous transactions have been correct, so you don't end up with legal problems or a problem selling your property. Your owner's policy will describe the property and outline any recorded limitations on your ownership. It will also set forth the title insurance company's responsibilities should any claim covered by the policy terms arise. Typically your title insurance will protect you in the following cases:
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