FICO - Your Credit Score
Since we live in an automated, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay virtually any loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to create this score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While these methods vary, all of the agencies use the following to calculate your credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for years, or for a short time?
- History of Payments - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your credit score. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Can I raise my FICO score?
Is it possible to raise your credit score? Because the credit score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. You must remove any incorrect data on your credit report; this is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
To improve your FICO score, you've got to obtain the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO credit score, sells FICO scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about credit scores? Call us at (718) 639-9500.