Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in a computer-driven world, it should come as no surprise that your creditworthiness comes down to a single number.
This score is built by credit agencies. These agencies use the payment history from all of your loans: credit cards, mortgages, car loans and the like.
The three agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to calculate your credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- History of Payments - Do you pay your bills on time?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe?
- Credit Inquiries - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. The result is a single number: your FICO score. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most home buyers have a score above 620.
Not just for qualifying
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
Is there any way to improve your FICO score? Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it is difficult to make a significant change in the score with quick fixes. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your FICO score
To improve your score, you must obtain the reports that the agencies use to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac has created a web site (www.myFICO.com) that lets you do just that. For a reasonable fee, you can get your FICO score from all three agencies, along with your credit report. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. While this report does not include a free credit score, the cost to "upgrade" your report to include a credit score is very reasonable.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about credit scores? Call us: (718) 639-9500.