You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an automated society, it's not surprising that your ability to repay your mortgage loan comes down to a single number.
Credit reporting agencies use your payment history to compile a FICO score.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, all of the agencies use the following to determine your score:
- Your Credit History - How many years have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Balances on your Credit Cards - How many credit card accounts do you have, and how much do you owe?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
Each of these is assigned a value and a weight. The results are added up and distilled into a single number. FICO scores range from 300 to 800. Higher scores are better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
Credit scores make a huge difference in interest rates
Did you know? FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Raising your FICO score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. (Of course you must remove incorrect data on your credit report.)
Know your FICO
In order to improve your credit score, you must obtain the credit reports that the agencies use to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO credit score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three agencies. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report every year from all three agencies at AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free credit score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Now that you have all the facts, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at (718) 639-9500.